Arkansas officials warn of heat-related illnesses
With temperatures rising across the state this week, Arkansas Department of Health officials are encouraging people to practice thermal safety.
ARKANSAS, USA — With temperatures rising across the state this week, Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) officials are encouraging people to practice thermal safety.
Some of the most common heat-related illnesses include heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps, sunburn and heat rash. “It is important for everyone to know the warning signs and what to do if someone has one of these illnesses,” an ADH statement read.
The body normally cools itself by sweating, but in some conditions sweating is not enough. Children under four, adults 65 and older, overweight people, and people taking certain medications are most likely to be negatively affected by heat.
Heatstroke: Symptoms include abnormally high body temperature; hot, red, dry or moist skin; a rapid and strong pulse; headache; dizziness; nausea; confusion; and fainting. If you think you or someone is showing symptoms of heatstroke, call 911 immediately, move to a cooler area, and try to bring down body temperature by applying cool cloths and drinking water. ‘water.
The ADH reminds that heat-related illnesses are preventable and lists some tips to avoid a bad reaction to rising temperatures:
- Stay in an air-conditioned space during the hottest hours of the day. If your home doesn’t have air conditioning, consider public places like a library, senior center, or shopping mall.
- Wear light, loose clothing.
- Drink water often. Don’t wait to be thirsty.
- Avoid unnecessary exertion or activity if you are outdoors or without air conditioning.
- Avoid unnecessary sun exposure. Wear a hat and sunglasses when out in the sun.
- Use sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher as directed and reapply as needed
Heat exhaustion: Symptoms of heat exhaustion are different from heatstroke in that you will have cold, pale, clammy skin and a weak pulse as opposed to a strong pulse with heatstroke. Move to a cooler location and apply cold cloths to the body and sip water if you suspect someone is suffering from heat exhaustion.
Seek immediate medical attention if vomiting, dizziness, or symptoms worsen or last longer than 1 hour.
Heat cramps: Heat cramps can be identified in people who sweat profusely during exercise and have muscle pain or spasms. If you think you have heat cramps, stop all physical activity and move to a cool place, drink water, and wait for the cramps to subside before continuing to exercise. If someone is on a low sodium diet, has heart problems, or cramps last longer than an hour, they should see a doctor immediately.
Sunburn: Sore, red, hot skin and blisters on the skin would indicate sunburn. Stay out of the sun until the burn heals, put cool cloths on the sunburned areas or take a cool bath, put moisturizing lotion on the sunburned areas and don’t break the blisters .
Heat Buttons: Symptoms include red clusters of small, pimple-like blisters on the skin, usually on the neck, chest, groin, or elbow creases.
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